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XA Transaction

XAShardingSphereTransactionManager is XA transaction manager of Apache ShardingSphere. Its main responsibility is manage and adapt multiple data sources, and sent corresponding transactions to concrete XA transaction manager.

Principle of ShardingSphere transaction XA

Transaction Begin

When receiving set autoCommit=0 from client, XAShardingSphereTransactionManager will use XA transaction managers to start overall XA transactions, which is marked by XID.

Execute actual sharding SQL

After XAShardingSphereTransactionManager register the corresponding XAResource to the current XA transaction, transaction manager will send XAResource.start command to databases. After databases received XAResource.end command, all SQL operator will mark as XA transaction.

For example:

XAResource1.start             ## execute in the enlist phase
XAResource1.end               ## execute in the commit phase

sql1 and sql2 in example will be marked as XA transaction.

Commit or Rollback

After XAShardingSphereTransactionManager receives the commit command in the access, it will delegate it to the actual XA manager. It will collect all the registered XAResource in the thread, before sending XAResource.end to mark the boundary for the XA transaction. Then it will send prepare command one by one to collect votes from XAResource. If all the XAResource feedback is OK, it will send commit command to finally finish it; If there is any No XAResource feedback, it will send rollback command to roll back. After sending the commit command, all XAResource exceptions will be submitted again according to the recovery log to ensure the atomicity and high consistency.

For example:

XAResource1.prepare           ## ack: yes
XAResource2.prepare           ## ack: yes

XAResource1.prepare           ## ack: yes
XAResource2.prepare           ## ack: no