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Use Docker

Pull Official Docker Image

docker pull apache/shardingsphere-proxy

Build Docker Image Manually (Optional)

git clone
mvn clean install
cd shardingsphere-distribution/shardingsphere-proxy-distribution
mvn clean package -Prelease,docker

Configure ShardingSphere-Proxy

Create server.yaml and config-xxx.yaml to configure sharding rules and server rule in /${your_work_dir}/conf/. Please refer to Configuration Manual. Please refer to Example.

Run Docker

docker run -d -v /${your_work_dir}/conf:/opt/shardingsphere-proxy/conf -e PORT=3308 -p13308:3308 apache/shardingsphere-proxy:latest


  • You can define port 3308 and 13308 by yourself. 3308 refers to docker port; 13308 refers to the host port.
  • You have to volume conf dir to /opt/shardingsphere-proxy/conf.
docker run -d -v /${your_work_dir}/conf:/opt/shardingsphere-proxy/conf -e JVM_OPTS="-Djava.awt.headless=true" -e PORT=3308 -p13308:3308 apache/shardingsphere-proxy:latest


  • You can define JVM related parameters to environment variable JVM_OPTS.
docker run -d -v /${your_work_dir}/conf:/opt/shardingsphere-proxy/conf -v /${your_work_dir}/ext-lib:/opt/shardingsphere-proxy/ext-lib -p13308:3308 apache/shardingsphere-proxy:latest


  • If you need to import external jar packages (such as MySQL/openGauss JDBC driver, custom algorithm, etc.), you may bind mount a volume to /opt/shardingsphere-proxy/ext-lib.

Access ShardingSphere-Proxy

It is in the same way as connecting to PostgreSQL.

psql -U ${your_username} -h ${your_host} -p 13308


Question 1: there is I/O exception ( when process request to {}->unix://localhost:80: Connection is refused.

Answer: before building image, please make sure docker daemon thread is running.

Question 2: there is error report of being unable to connect to the database.

Answer: please make sure the designated PostgreSQL’s IP in /${your_work_dir}/conf/config-xxx.yaml configuration is accessible to Docker container.

Question 3:How to start ShardingSphere-Proxy whose backend databases are MySQL or openGauss.

Answer:Mount the directory where mysql-connector.jar or opengauss-jdbc.jar stores to /opt/shardingsphere-proxy/ext-lib.

Question 4:How to import user-defined sharding strategy?

Answer: Volume the directory where shardingsphere-strategy.jar stores to /opt/shardingsphere-proxy/ext-lib.