When integrating Seata AT transaction, we need to integrate TM, RM and TC component into ShardingSphere transaction manager.
Seata have proxied
DataSource interface in order to RPC with TC.
Similarly, Apache ShardingSphere faced to
DataSource interface to aggregate data sources too.
DataSource encapsulation, it is easy to put Seata AT transaction into Apache ShardingSphere sharding ecosystem.
When an application containing
ShardingSphereTransactionBaseSeataAT startup, the user-configured DataSource will be wrapped into seata
seata.conf, then registered into RM.
TM controls the boundaries of global transactions. TM obtains the global transaction ID by sending Begin instructions to TC. All branch transactions participate in the global transaction through this global transaction ID. The context of the global transaction ID will be stored in the thread local variable.
Actual SQL in Seata global transaction will be intercepted to generate undo snapshots by RM and sends participate instructions to TC to join global transaction. Since actual sharding SQLs executed in multi-threads, global transaction context should transfer from main thread to child thread, which is exactly the same as context transfer between services.
When submitting a seata transaction, TM sends TC the commit and rollback instructions of the global transaction. TC coordinates all branch transactions for commit and rollback according to the global transaction ID.