数据分片

语法说明

Sharding Table Rule

CREATE SHARDING TABLE RULE shardingTableRuleDefinition [, shardingTableRuleDefinition] ...

CREATE DEFAULT SHARDING shardingScope STRATEGY (shardingStrategy)

ALTER SHARDING TABLE RULE shardingTableRuleDefinition [, shardingTableRuleDefinition] ...

DROP SHARDING TABLE RULE tableName [, tableName] ...

CREATE SHARDING ALGORITHM shardingAlgorithmDefinition [,  shardingAlgorithmDefinition] ...

ALTER SHARDING ALGORITHM shardingAlgorithmDefinition [,  shardingAlgorithmDefinition] ...

DROP SHARDING ALGORITHM algorithmName [, algorithmName] ...

shardingTableRuleDefinition:
    shardingAutoTableRule | shardingTableRule
   
shardingAutoTableRule:
    tableName(resources COMMA shardingColumn COMMA algorithmDefinition (COMMA keyGenerateDeclaration)?)
    
shardingTableRule:
    tableName(dataNodes (COMMA  databaseStrategy)? (COMMA tableStrategy)? (COMMA keyGenerateDeclaration)?)

resources:
    RESOURCES(resource [, resource] ...)

dataNodes:
    DATANODES(dataNode [, dataNode] ...)

resource:
    resourceName | inlineExpression

dataNode:
    resourceName | inlineExpression

shardingColumn:
    SHARDING_COLUMN=columnName

algorithmDefinition:
    TYPE(NAME=shardingAlgorithmType [, PROPERTIES([algorithmProperties])])

keyGenerateDeclaration:
    keyGenerateDefinition | keyGenerateConstruction

keyGenerateDefinition:
    GENERATED_KEY(COLUMN=columnName, strategyDefinition)

shardingScope:
    DATABASE | TABLE

databaseStrategy:
    DATABASE_STRATEGY(shardingStrategy)

tableStrategy:
    TABLE_STRATEGY(shardingStrategy)

keyGenerateConstruction
    GENERATED_KEY(COLUMN=columnName, GENERATED_KEY_ALGORITHM=keyGenerateAlgorithmName)

shardingStrategy:
    TYPE=strategyType, shardingColumn, shardingAlgorithm

shardingColumn:
    SHARDING_COLUMN=columnName
    
shardingAlgorithm:
    existingAlgorithm | autoCreativeAlgorithm

existingAlgorithm:
    SHARDING_ALGORITHM=shardingAlgorithmName

autoCreativeAlgorithm:
    SHARDING_ALGORITHM(algorithmDefinition)

strategyDefinition:
    TYPE(NAME=keyGenerateStrategyType [, PROPERTIES([algorithmProperties])])

shardingAlgorithmDefinition:
    shardingAlgorithmName(algorithmDefinition)

algorithmProperties:
    algorithmProperty [, algorithmProperty] ...

algorithmProperty:
    key=value                          
  • RESOURCES 需使用 RDL 管理的数据源资源
  • shardingAlgorithmType 指定自动分片算法类型,请参考 自动分片算法
  • keyGenerateStrategyType 指定分布式主键生成策略,请参考 分布式主键
  • 重复的 tableName 将无法被创建
  • shardingAlgorithm 能够被不同的 Sharding Table Rule 复用,因此在执行 DROP SHARDING TABLE RULE 时,对应的 shardingAlgorithm 不会被移除
  • 如需移除 shardingAlgorithm,请执行 DROP SHARDING ALGORITHM
  • strategyType 指定分片策略,请参考分片策略
  • Sharding Table Rule 同时支持 Auto TableTable 两种类型,两者在语法上有所差异,对应配置文件请参考 数据分片
  • 使用 autoCreativeAlgorithm 方式指定 shardingStrategy 时,将会自动创建新的分片算法,算法命名规则为 tableName_strategyType_shardingAlgorithmType,如 t_order_database_inline

Sharding Binding Table Rule

CREATE SHARDING BINDING TABLE RULES bindTableRulesDefinition [, bindTableRulesDefinition] ...

ALTER SHARDING BINDING TABLE RULES bindTableRulesDefinition [, bindTableRulesDefinition] ...

DROP SHARDING BINDING TABLE RULES bindTableRulesDefinition [, bindTableRulesDefinition] ...

bindTableRulesDefinition:
    (tableName [, tableName] ... )
  • ALTER 会使用新的配置直接覆盖数据库内的绑定表配置

Sharding Broadcast Table Rule

CREATE SHARDING BROADCAST TABLE RULES (tableName [, tableName] ...)

ALTER SHARDING BROADCAST TABLE RULES (tableName [, tableName] ...)

DROP SHARDING BROADCAST TABLE RULES (tableName [, tableName] ...)
  • ALTER 会使用新的配置直接覆盖数据库内的广播表配置

示例

Sharding Table Rule

Key Generator

CREATE SHARDING KEY GENERATOR snowflake_key_generator (
TYPE(NAME=SNOWFLAKE, PROPERTIES("worker-id"=123))
);

ALTER SHARDING KEY GENERATOR snowflake_key_generator (
TYPE(NAME=SNOWFLAKE, PROPERTIES("worker-id"=456))
);

DROP SHARDING KEY GENERATOR snowflake_key_generator;

Auto Table

CREATE SHARDING TABLE RULE t_order (
RESOURCES(resource_0,resource_1),
SHARDING_COLUMN=order_id,TYPE(NAME=hash_mod,PROPERTIES("sharding-count"=4)),
GENERATED_KEY(COLUMN=another_id,TYPE(NAME=snowflake,PROPERTIES("worker-id"=123)))
);

ALTER SHARDING TABLE RULE t_order (
RESOURCES(resource_0,resource_1,resource_2,resource_3),
SHARDING_COLUMN=order_id,TYPE(NAME=hash_mod,PROPERTIES("sharding-count"=16)),
GENERATED_KEY(COLUMN=another_id,TYPE(NAME=snowflake,PROPERTIES("worker-id"=123)))
);

DROP SHARDING TABLE RULE t_order;

DROP SHARDING ALGORITHM t_order_hash_mod;

Table

CREATE SHARDING ALGORITHM table_inline (
TYPE(NAME=inline,PROPERTIES("algorithm-expression"="t_order_item_${order_id % 2}"))
);

CREATE SHARDING TABLE RULE t_order_item (
DATANODES("resource_${0..1}.t_order_item_${0..1}"),
DATABASE_STRATEGY(TYPE=standard,SHARDING_COLUMN=user_id,SHARDING_ALGORITHM(TYPE(NAME=inline,PROPERTIES("algorithm-expression"="resource_${user_id % 2}")))),
TABLE_STRATEGY(TYPE=standard,SHARDING_COLUMN=order_id,SHARDING_ALGORITHM=table_inline),
GENERATED_KEY(COLUMN=another_id,GENERATED_KEY_ALGORITHM=snowflake_key_generator)
);

ALTER SHARDING ALGORITHM database_inline (
TYPE(NAME=inline,PROPERTIES("algorithm-expression"="resource_${user_id % 4}"))
),table_inline (
TYPE(NAME=inline,PROPERTIES("algorithm-expression"="t_order_item_${order_id % 4}"))
);

ALTER SHARDING TABLE RULE t_order_item (
DATANODES("resource_${0..3}.t_order_item${0..3}"),
DATABASE_STRATEGY(TYPE=standard,SHARDING_COLUMN=user_id,SHARDING_ALGORITHM=database_inline),
TABLE_STRATEGY(TYPE=standard,SHARDING_COLUMN=order_id,SHARDING_ALGORITHM=table_inline),
GENERATED_KEY(COLUMN=another_id,GENERATED_KEY_ALGORITHM=snowflake_key_generator)
);

DROP SHARDING TABLE RULE t_order_item;

DROP SHARDING ALGORITHM database_inline;

CREATE DEFAULT SHARDING DATABASE STRATEGY (
TYPE = standard,SHARDING_COLUMN=order_id,SHARDING_ALGORITHM=algorithmsName
);

Sharding Binding Table Rule

CREATE SHARDING BINDING TABLE RULES (t_order,t_order_item),(t_1,t_2);

ALTER SHARDING BINDING TABLE RULES (t_order,t_order_item);

DROP SHARDING BINDING TABLE RULES;

DROP SHARDING BINDING TABLE RULES (t_order,t_order_item);

Sharding Broadcast Table Rule

CREATE SHARDING BROADCAST TABLE RULES (t_b,t_a);

ALTER SHARDING BROADCAST TABLE RULES (t_b,t_a,t_3);

DROP SHARDING BROADCAST TABLE RULES;

DROP SHARDING BROADCAST TABLE RULES t_b;